Wednesday, 28 February 2018

Understanding of mischief and miscarriage in Islam

If yesterday we already mengetaui some things about menstruation and menstrual colors. Now we will learn what blood comes out besides menstrual blood.

1. childbirth.
Births are blood that comes out due to the birth of the child. The law applicable to the puerperium is the same as menstrual law, whether it is permissible, prohibited, obliged or abolished. Since the puerperium is due to menstrual blood that is suspended due to the pregnancy process. Maximum doses for menstrual bleeding are forty days, as narrated from Umm Salamah, where he says:

"At the time of the Prophet, women who are undergoing postpartum refrain from forty days or forty nights". (Narrated by Abu Dawud and Tirmdzi)

The scholars of the companions of the Messenger of Allah and the tabi'in have come to an agreement, that women who undergo postpartum have to abandon the prayer for forty days. When it is holy before that time, then take bath and do prayer, says Imam Tirmidzi.

There is no minimum limit on the puerperium problem that can happen in a short time. Therefore, when a woman gives birth, then soon her puerperal blood stops, so she is obligated to do prayer, fasting and other worship like a woman in a holy state. The maximum limit is forty days, according to the hadith from Umm Salamah above.
Disunnahkan for muslim women to bathe after melahrkan good that gave birth with mengeuarkan blood or not. Similarly, if you experience a miscarriage during pregnancy even though the time is very short.

When a Muslim woman gave birth to two twin children, her child was born from her first child and not the second child. As Fatimah Az Zahra ra ever gave birth before the sun was rebuilt, hasan and husein. Then he was purified from the puerperal and bath after performing his prayer, right on time. It can therefore be said, that the minimum limit of the puerperium is the intermittent time and the maximum limit is forty days.

2. Miscarriage

If the fetus is in the womb of a mother comes out prematurely (miscarriage) and is in the form of a human, then the blood which is after the child's impotence While the fetus is out completely in human form, then the blood out after it is not categorized as dirty blood preventing women from performing prayers and fasting.

The minimum time for a fetus to become perfect human is eighty-one days as said by Abdullah bin Mas'ud ra. That the Messenger of Allah (SAW) once said:

"Indeed, the sperm cells that fertilized the ovaries were gathered in the womb of the mother forty days and then became a clot of blood, then a clutter of meat and was sent to him an angel instructed to assign for him four things, namely his livelihood, his dying and his deeds and whether to be miserable or happy ".

Scholars agreed: "The fetus is unlikely to be shaped before the number of days, which is generally the case that the shipment will not be involved before ninety days.

Must be Muslim women to know that miscarriage in the process of pregnancy, when a body formed like a finger, nails, hair or other body parts it has become a child and the blood out is therefore regarded as nifa. While the content is miscarried before the formation of the limbs and is still a clump of blood or a clump of meat then the blood that comes out is therefore not considered as a pufferous blood.

Thursday, 15 February 2018

Kinds of color of menstrual blood according to islam

1. Red Blood Menstrual Color

The reddish color or reddish blood, according to the madzab hanafi is menstrual blood as well. While Imam Shafi'i said, "It is not colored blood of menstruation". He argued Fatimah bint Abu Hubaiz that we mentioned earlier. While Hanafi madzab argue with the verses of the Qur'an.
"They ask you about menstruation: Say:" The menstruation is the dirt ... "(Al Baqoroh: 222)
According to this verse menstruation is dirt (Adza) while the name of the dirt is not limited to black blood alone.

2. Black Blood Menstrual Color

Menstrual blood is usually black. There is no difference of opinion with respect to the black blood coming out of a woman's womb that the blood is menstrual blood. In a hadith fatimah bint Abu Hubaisy said that he had experienced istihadha, then Rasulullah SAW said:
"If blood is menstruated, then as the color of the blood is black, so do not pray, if the blood is not so, then berwudhulah, because in fact it is a disease"

3. Color Blood Menstruation Colorful Cloudy

The blood is cloudy, which is between black and white, then the blood with such, according to Hanafi madzab categorized as menstrual blood in the days leading up to the end of menstruation. As for such blood that comes out in the first days of menstruation, according to Abu Hanifa and Muhammad is also categorized as menstrual blood.

Abu Yusuf said, "it is not menstrual blood". The yellowish blood according to some followers Hanafi madzab, if out in the days leading to the end of menstruation and continue out while some followers Hanafi madzab yag others say, "Truly cloudy blood and yellow blood coming out of the womb of women are absolutely said as menstrual blood, as long as it does not come out of an old woman roughly based on the outward form of their history ".

Ibn Qudamah An Hambali says, "When a woman who on the days of menstruation sees yellowish blood or a cloudy color, the blood is menstrual blood, but if she sees it after the menstrual period, then she should not count and mengatogarikannya as menstrual blood, that's what Imam Ahmad said ". Similarly Yahya Al Ansyari, Rabi'a, Maik, Ats Tsawri, Al Awza'i, Abdur Rahman Mahdzi, Shafi'i and Ishaq. Their argument for this view is the verse of the Qur'an.
"They ask you about menstruation: Say," Menstruation is dirt ... "(Al Baqoroh: 222).

Of course this verse also includes blood that is cloudy or yellow, coming out of a woman's womb.

According to the view of Imam Maliki's madzab, in fact, cloudy or yellow-colored blood is menstrual blood, whether it occurs in the days of menstruation or after apparent signs of sanctity. But according to some madzab Imam Maliki says, "If the blood out on the days of menstruation, then it is menstrual blood.

There is also the expression, "Women experience turbid liquid for seven days. Then accompanied by clear blood until the rest of a month. Then clean sometimes up to three months. What is the law of this blood and cloudy liquid?

He replied, "All blood is menstruation. While turbid liquids do not (including menstruation) at all. "(Tsamarat At-Tadwin, pp. 24-25)

That reinforces what we mentioned that (blood) yellowish and cloudy before menstruation is considered menstruation if it happens at the time of his habit and continued with the blood of menstruation. Also accompanied by menstrual pain. Because (blood) yellowish and cloudy including one color of blood according to most fiqh scholars. Menstruation is the rupture of the uterine wall in which there is blood and dirt, so the blood comes out with a variety of different colors. It starts with black or blackish color. Then shrink into turbid or yellowish. Sometimes it can be reversed. Beginning (blood) yellowish and cloudy then new blood. In hadith Aisha radhiallahu anha there is a history that shows that yellowish and cloudy before the net is menstruation. Actually without being differentiated out before clean or out both time habits before (out) blood. Accompanied by signs of menstruation either sick or twisted.

If it is said, if it is only required to continue (with the release of menstrual blood), then it includes a strong opinion. As the opinion of Shaykh Ibn Baz rahimahullah, ie on condition (happens) at the time of his habit.

The opinion of jurists-like Hanafiyah and Hanabilah-: "yellowish and cloudy at the time of his habit including menstruation, including -wallahua'lam- the discharge of yellowish and cloudy blood at the time of early menstruation.

While other opinions - such as Malikiyah and Syafiiyyah - that yellowish and turbid including absolute menstrual blood, or at the time possible. It includes the discharge before menstruation, as it is not covered.

In addition, please see 'Mausu'ah Ahkamu At-Toharah' by Shaykh Abu Umar Ad-Dubayyan hafizahullah, (6 / 281-299). Al-Mausu'ah Al-Fiqhiyyah, (1/296), Al-Mughni (1/202). Al-Majmu ', (2/422).


The liquid is yellowish and cloudy after the blood (menstruation) and before the sacred including menstruation. As Malik narrates in the Book of Al-Muwaththa, no. 130, from Umm Alqomah rahiallahu'anha, he said:

كان النساء يبعثن إلى عائشة أم المؤمنين بالدرجة فيها الكرسف فيه الصفرة من دم الحيضة يسألنها عن الصلاة فتقول لهن لا تعجلن حتى ترين القصة البيضاء تريد بذلك الطهر من الحيضة ". وصححه الألباني في" إرواء الغليل "برقم (198)"

"A number of women sent to Aisha Ummul Mukminin with a vessel containing cotton yellow (liquid) from menstrual blood. They ask about the prayer (if it comes out like this). Then (Aisha) told them, "Do not you all rush (prayer) until you all see the white mucus. Which he means is sacred from menstruation. "Dishahihkan by Al-Albany in Irwaul Ghalil, no. 198)

Narrated by Bukhori mu'allaq (without mentioning the genealogy of sanad) in the Book of Al-Haid Chapter Iqbalul Haid Wa Idbarihi (book of menstruation, chapter coming and exit time of menstruation). '

The word (الدرجة) is a small place where women put perfumery and equipment. Please see 'An-Nihayah fi Ghoribil Hadith Wal Atsar by Ibn Athir, 2/246.

The word (الكرسف) means cotton.


Yellow and brittle yellow blood after the sacred is not considered anything.

It is based on Ummu Atiyah radhiallahu'anha:

"كنا لا نعد الكدرة والصفرة بعد الطهر شيئا".

"In the past we did not consider any cloudy and yellowish liquid (which came out) after the holy period."

HR. Bukhori, 320. Abu Dawud, 307. Nasa'I, 368. Ibn Majah, 646 editor of Abu Daud.


Friday, 9 February 2018

Understanding of menstrual blood in Islamic law

If yesterday we already know How to purify themselves from baby's urine in islamic now we will know the meaning of menstruation in Islamic law.
1. Early Start of Menstruation

Usually, menstruation does not occur in a woman before she is nine years old according to komariyah count. Before that age, no woman had menstrual bleeding, but sometimes this period occurred before this age. Women will continue to experience menstruation until the monopause period whose limits are certainly still disputed among the scholars. Some scholars say,
"Surely this monopause is fifty years old". and others say that the monopause is more than that.

2. Level and Period of Menstruation

The levels and the duration of the menstruation vary according to the views of the jurists. According to Hanafi madzab, the fastest menstruation lasts for three days, and the longest ten days. Based on Wailah hadith, where the Prophet SAW said:
"The most rapid period lasts for three days, and the longest ten days".

However, according to scholars of hadith, this is weak (daif) as said by ibn Qudamah Al Hambali in Al Mugni. The same view with Hanafi madzab is also expressed by zaidiyah madzab and ja'fariyah.

Madzab Shafi'i said, "The most rapid period of menstruation is a day and a night, and the longest is fifteen days".
Imam Malik said, "The period of menstruation is unspecified: There is no boundary of the fastest period and there is no boundary of the longest period Based on the word of God:
"They ask you about menstruation: Say:" The menstruation is dirt ... "(Al Baqoroh: 222)
The verse says that menstruation is an infinite shit.

While Madrab Hambali said,
"The most rapid period of menstruation is one day and last for fifteen days."
Their reason is that this issue originally arose in unlimited shari'ah, there is no limit in the language and also in the unlimited shari'ah, there is no limit in language and also in the Islamic Shari'ah so it should be referred to customs and customs .

As to know the meaning of the words of Al Qabdhu, Al Ahhraz, and Al Tafarruq, as well as a variety of words that are certain and not set certain previous limits. There are people who used to menstruate for a day. Atha said, "I have seen a woman who menstruated for one day and some who menstruated for fifteen days".

3. The Acceptable View of Menstrual Period

An acceptable view (Rajih) is Hambali's worldview, which says that to know the duration of the period it should refer to the prevailing habits, or the usual menstrual period for women, and must see the differences of region and country, ie in terms of cold hot weather . Differences of women in terms of type and time, and the extent of such influence during menstruation.

Actually the meaning of menstruation in the beginning of blood flowing. A woman is considered menstruation when her blood flows. While the meaning of menstruation by the term religion is the name of blood coming out of the womb, not because of childbirth, then the blood that came out into a habit that takes place at certain times. Menstruation is a natural habit in women. In a hadith the Prophet SAW mentioned:
"Surely menstruation is a matter which God has set upon women"

Thursday, 8 February 2018

How to purify themselves from baby's urine in islamic

If yesterday we already know about  Understanding thaharah in Islam  and Various kinds of water in islamic ,  certain other things in everyday life you need to know how to purify themselves from baby's urine. There are saheeh hadiths berdsajad saheeh that distinguish between the urine of boys and girls who still complained about the clothing apaila. Besides explaining how to purify it with water. The urine of a boy is enough to be doused with water, so that the urinated clothing becomes sacred. As for the urine of girls should be washed so that the clothes become sacred.

Such purgatory applies to washing the urine of boys and girls who have not eaten-food. or a child who consumes only his mother's milk. As for children who have received additional food besides their mother's milk, their urine (male and female) must be purified by washing with water.

In the following lines, it is helpful to mention the hadiths related to this matter, and the opinions of the jurists and acceptable explanations. Hadiths of Prophet SAW regarding the urine of boys and girls as follows:

"From Umu Qays bint muhsin that he brought his little son and had not eaten the food to the Prophet (s), then he put him on his lap, then the child peed on his shirt, so Rasululah SAW asked for water to sprinkle (rasyasya) on the piss.

Similarly, the history contained in Tirmidhi jamiat, which uses the word "rasysya"
"From Aisha ra said," Dahuu Prophet SAW often visited by small children then pray for them then when brought a small child to him he took it and then the little boy was urinating on his shirt. Then he asked for water and sprinkled it on the urine and did not wash his body. "(Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)

From Ali bin Abi Thalib ra said the Prophet SAW
"Pissed boys urinated girls urinate in washing"

Qatadah said, "This applies to children who have not food, and after they have eaten the food, it must be washed".
There are other hadiths, which he says urine girls have to wash and urinate a pretty boy sprinkled.

The hadith of the Prophet SAW indicates the purification of the urine of a boy who is still suckling light by splashing the air on it. And washed from the urine of a suckling girl is by washing it and not by splashing the air on it. Ibn Shihab says:

"The Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW) which applies to the purification of boys' urine is to sprinkle air, as the urine of girls must be washed, if they consume only the mother's milk"

Tirmidhi, "such a thing is not only expressed by the scholars only, and also put forward by the companions of the Prophet SAW, Tabi'in and those who come after them.Also the opinion of Ali bin Abi Tholib ra," Atha ", Al Hasan , Azzuri, Ahmad bin Hambali, Ishaq and the followers of the madhhab of Zhahiri.

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