Tuesday, 13 March 2018

Required bath cases

If yesterday we already know baths are surrendered surely we must know also what things we need to know about bathing, among others:

a. Things that include the pillars are:
1. Intention
2. Gargling and berintisyaq accompanied by water splashing throughout the body

b. Some of the things that are prescribed in the bath include:
1. Wash your hands three times
2. Washing the genitals
3. Perfume perform perfectly as if to pray
4. Sprinkle the head of water as much as three times with a plea against the hair
5. Pour water all over the island, starting from the right half and then the right half and then the left half.
6. Wash both armpits, navel and both knees

c. The law for junub women if they do not get water
For a Muslim woman who is in a state of junub, then does not get water, it is allowed for him bertayamum, as Amar bin Yasir once told:
"I was sent by the Messenger of Allah for a need then I junub and did not find water, then I rolled on the ground, like a cattle, Then I went to the Messenger of Allah and told him about it Then he said: Actually enough for you to do with both your hands So he gave an example by clapping his hands to the ground and wiping his left hand to his right hand, then on the back of his palm and face. (HR Muttafaqul Alaih)

d. The law for women whose bodies are wounded

If all parts of ablution are wounded, it is possible for Muslim women to bertayamum. If it is not also possible for him to bertayamum, then it is permissible for him to pray according to his circumstances.
Whereas if the wound is only found on some of the members of ablution then he bertayamum then the prayer becomes invalid. For that, he is required to perform ablution on the part of the wudu members who are not injured and the injuries that are not possible to be rubbed with water may be abandoned. Allah has not said: "Allah will make for you in this matter a religious affair" (Al Hajj: 78)

e. Laws For Women Who Get Water But Just Enough For Some Body Only

 Imam Ahmad said: "If a Muslim woman who is junub get water to purify some of her limbs only, then he must use it." As for limbs that are not exposed to water can be purified by doing tayamum ". While Imam Shafi'i argues that the woman must perform ablution, as well as bertayamum. This was also stated by Imam Malik and Ibn Mundzir. But Imam Shafi'i also argues that he must bertayamum by leaving the water, because the water can not purify himself as a whole, where his position is like water musta'mal

Understanding of mandatory bath and sunnah bath

Bath according to the habits of these jurists washed the whole body. and when reportedly to eliminate the great hadhe like jinabat, menstruation, nifas then there are two conditions in it.

First Second intention washing all the limbs who like the intentions exist in the hearts of people who want to bathe to eliminate the hadast that requires bathing. Like jinabat and menstruation. That is to wash all the limbs that drain into all the limbs that may be without air flowed without exception. Until there is a small part of the body that has not been exposed to the air, the bath has not sufficiently assessed the word of God

"..... and if you junub, then take a bath ......? (Al Maidah: 6)
It means to purify your body. Who likes the body that is the visible part and also the body part that is not visible. All parts are cleaned up as long as it is not difficult to clean. And therefore, if a person is also required to rinse and clean his nose. Kaena actually put the air into the mouth and nose something tough. Will, in an emergency, one may not wash body parts. For example, if there is a broken wound or bone, so we simply wipe the upper part of the wounded bandage or splint that supports the broken part of the bone.

The person who wants to take a bath should wash his hands up to the wrists three times. Or wash away the lining, and the affected part of the body is dirty. Then ablution is like ablution for prayer, it's just that she has to end the flush against her legs waiting until finished. After that splashing water up over his head and all his limbs three times with the intention of bathing from hadast that requires bathing. We recommend starting with the right, then the left, rubbing his body with his hands, then washing his feet. It is used to lay the base of the hair of his head and his hands with his hands and water before washing the water with him.

While the procedure of Mandi Jinabat, among others:
a. Reading Basmallah, with the intention of eliminating the great hadast through bathing. Next wash both hands three times.
b. After that beristinjak and clean up all the dirt on his will
c. Ablution like when going to pray
d. Rinse head and ears three times
e. Furthermore, splashing water keseluh body

In a bathing bath it is possible for a Muslim to read basmallah and intend, then wash her hands and his cock. Then flushed his whole body with water with gargling and istinjak.

When bathing, Muslim women pay attention to the armpit, knees and navel, so that the parts are really exposed to water. Similarly, the scalpMuslim friend if the previous chapter we learn and both know Understanding junub bath and mandatory now we will know the bath is disunahkan. Bathing is disunahkan is if done, then the culprit will get a reward and if left innocent following bath is disunahkan among others:

a. Bathing On Friday
Taking a bath at the time of Friday prayers is not mandatory, which if abandoned does not give madharat, but it is endowed, because it can eliminate sweat and body odor is not tasty. As for bath time on Friday starting from dawn until entering Friday prayer time. The main thing is when to go to the mosque. If the middle of the road affected by hadast, then simply purified by performing ablution only. Taking a bath after performing the Friday prayer is no longer categorized as a bathed bath. Some scholars require bathing on Friday even though there is no dirt on the body. It is based on the narrations of Abu Hurayrah, where the Prophet (s) once said:
"It is an obligation for every Muslim to bathe at least once every seven days, at which point he washes his head and whole body." (Narrated by Muslim Bukhori)
b. Mandi pada saat hari raya Idul fitri dan Idul Adha
Tidak ada hadits shahih yang membahas mengenai mandi minimal pada hari Raya Idul Fitri maupun Idul Adha. Akan tetapi, para ulama menganjurkan untuk mandi pada kedua hari raya tersebut.
C. Mandi ketika hendak melakukan ihram
Menurut jumhur ulama, mandi bagi wanita yang hendak melakukan ihram merupakan amalan yang disunahkan. Hal ini didasarkan pada riwayat dari Zaid bin tsabit :
"Bahwasanya ia pernah melihat Rasulullah melepaskan pakaian ihramnya, lalu Beliau mandi".
(HR. Daruquthni, Baihaqi, Tirmidzi dan Beliau Menghasankannya)

d. Mandi ketika hendak Masuk kota Mekah
Disunahkan bagi wanita muslimah yang hendak memasuki kota mekkah untuk mandi. Sebagaimana telah disebutkan dalam hadist bahwa Rasulullah SAW pernah melakukan hal itu (HR. Muttafaqul'Alaih)

e. Mandi ketika hendak wukuf di Arafah
Disunahkan mandi bagi wanita muslimah yang hendak wukuf di Arafah. Sebagaimana yang diriwayatkan oleh Imam Malik, bahwa Abdullah bin Umar Radhiyallahu Anhu pernah mandi sebelum berihram, pada saat memasuki kota mekkah dan ketika hendak wukuf (pada sore hari) di padang Arafah.

Friday, 9 March 2018

The law of women mustahadhah in Islam

1. In Basic Woman Istihadha Is Holy

The basic rule is the woman who finds istihadha's blood being sacred. It's just that he is required to perform ablution every time to perform the prayer, as we have explained in the previous explanation in the Chapter Understanding the blood Istihadha. Because he is considered a person who has udzur or obstacles. This basic rule is actually based on various narrations. The Fukaha who declared "Truly the woman who experiences istihadhah is permitted to enter the mosque and give it to her in. Imam Bukhori narrated the hadith from 'A'ishah that the Prophet did the' itikaf in the mosque with some of her wives while they were experiencing istihadhah and saw the blood. bottom cloth absorbs blood ".

Bukhari narrated from Ayesha that he said, "One of the Prophet's wives melakuakn 'itikaf with him when his wife saw the yellowish blood, and put the bottom cloth underneath, then pray".

Bukhori also narrated another hadith from Aishah ra, he said "Indeed Ummul believer did 'itikaf when exposed istihadha". When commenting on these hadiths Ibn Hajar Al Askolani said, "Inside this hadith contained a law may be a woman who was istihadha to stay in the mosque, and freedom to pray and pray in it, besides that women are allowed to stay in the mosque as long as he is sure not pollute ".

2. Istihadha Women Can fast and pray

Istihadhah is not an obstacle for a woman to perform fasting and prayer. Therefore, the woman who experiences istihadhah may fast and pray, but she must perform ablution before the prayer. or any prayer time.

3. Bath And Wudhunya Women Who Have Istihadha

We have said: "Actually Istihadhah is not an obstacle for women who experience it for fasting and prayer." On that basis, he must bathe after the expiration of his menstrual period and perform the prayer, then perform ablution for every prayer, as we mentioned earlier. Before performing ablution, he must wash his lath and then hold it with a cloth or sanitary napkin. And after that new ablution at the time of entry prayer time. Because in fact this is a holy way of being in an emergency. Ablution before the entry of prayer time is not considered saheeh, as does tayamum. After that, he must immediately perform the obligatory prayers that the blood that comes out is not much because the blood will continue to come out of it. Wudu women who experience istihadhah are considered void after the end of prayer time. Or when the occurrence of a hadh besides blood, even when the prayer time is up, as we have explained before.

4. Fucking women who experience istihadhah

It was narrated from Imam Ahmad ibn Hambali that he said, "A man is not allowed to have intercourse with his wife who is exposed to istihâdah unless he is afraid that he will fall into adultery.

5. Fucking Istihadhah women when blood stops

If istihadhah's blood has stalled then a husband is allowed to fuck her before she takes a bath. For indeed the bath as said by Ibn Kudamah Hanbali is not required on the woman istihadhah, because it is equated with the male beser.

6. Istihadhah Blood Features

a. Blood that comes out of the minimum menstrual period (nearest) but also exceeds the size of the longest menstrual period
b. Blood that comes out less than the minimum puerperium and also exceeds the maximum puerperium size
c. Blood that goes beyond the size of normal menstrual and puerperal habits or most of its sacred periods.
d. Imam Ahmad part of some Hanifa clerics: Including blood coming out of pregnant women caused by congestion in the cervix
e. The exit is irregular

Understanding istihadhah blood

Often Muslim friends can not distinguish menstrual blood, nifas, and Istihadha. if yesterday we already know about menstrual blood, puzzle, Now it's time we know about istihadha blood.

If the release of menstrual blood continues and exceeds the habit of going on the blood of menstruation then the blood is the blood istihadha. Sometimes menstrual blood is also mixed with istihadhanya blood so we need to know the difference between istihadha and menstrual blood, so we can know and determine it.

Because in fact we can thus determine the passage of the menstrual period, and determine the obligation to bathe. What is obligatory to him is to perform ablution every time to pray, after he bathed to wash from menstruation.

Women who remove istihadha blood can not be separated from the following four things:
a. Women who can differentiate and have no habit
b. Women who have a habit but are not able to distinguish
c. Women who do not have a habit and are also not able to distinguish
d. Women who have the habit and ability to differentiate

Okay, I will first discuss about Muslim women who can differentiate and have no habit. It is a woman who can distinguish between menstrual blood and other blood, but she has no fixed habit of coming and the period of menstruation. So he can distinguish and consider himself still in the state of menstruation as long as his menstrual blood is still out, the blood is black, which keeps going out and beyond the period of menstruation. On that basis, it can be prescribed the law for women in these circumstances, that his menstrual blood is blood that comes out in the black blood. And if the blood turns yellowish and watery then that is the blood istihadha. Therefore, he must bathe because his period has ended and performing ablution every time he wants to perform the prayer because that is the law that applies to women who are experiencing istihadha. That is the opinion expressed by Hambali madhhab, Maliki, Shafi'i, etc.

The second is women who have menstrual habits but are unable to tell the difference. Namely women who have regular habits in his menstruation but are unable to distinguish his blood because his blood never stops or his blood has the same trait and never stops or the blood has the same properties and does not differ between some with some others. And if stopped then stop shorter than ordinary menstrual period or longer than him, so it is difficult to distinguish. If he has regular menstrual habits before experiencing istihadha, then he should sit during his usual days of menstruation, then bathe to wash from his period when the menstrual period is exhausted, then perform ablution after that at every time to pray, that opinion which was proposed by the Hanbali madhhab, Abu Hanifa, and Shafi'i.

While the third Women who have no habit and also are not able to distinguish made a proposition by people who say that women who experience istihadha must refer to the habit that most often applies to women if he himself does not know his habits, and is unable to distinguish between the nature- the nature of menstruation and blood istihadha. Besides, the saying of the Prophet: "Any matter you can do then do it". It is another link to the absence of the obligation to bathe. In conclusion, the bath law for every prayer is not mandatory for the woman. She only takes a bath once from her period, after the count of her menstrual period is over. In addition, the hadith is also used as a proposition to allow two alphabet prayers with one washing. And indeed the determination of the number of menstrual blood for six or seven days is an ijtihad that may be done by him and not by equating his menstrual period to his age-old family. Based on the words of the Prophet: "If we have seen yourselves holy and clean ...."

The fourth woman who has the habit and ability to distinguish, the woman who has a habit, and when experiencing istihadha he is able to distinguish darnya, some black and some red. If the blood that came out was black during menstrual periods, then it has been agreed that the habit of blood properties is indeed both work. However, if the blood is blacker than menstrual period or shorter than it is, so it can be called as menstrual blood, then there are two views in Hambali madzab. The first thing required is the distinction with the nature of the blood, and the habits of the menstrual period should be ignored. Because in fact the nature of the blood is a sign for, so the menstrual period should be ignored. The second is based on the words of Imam Ahmad, who ignore the custom. Such was the view of most of Hambali's followers. Their argument is that the prophet Saw once rejected Umm Habibah, and a woman whom Umm Salamah had told him to ask a fatwa to refer to the habits of his menstrual period, and not to distinguish the characteristics of his blood or not. In addition, the actual habits that apply to his period, and do not distinguish the nature of his blood or not. In addition, it is actually a habit that applies to the period of his period, and does not distinguish or mention that the woman can distinguish the properties of his blood or not. Besides, actually the prevailing habits are considered stronger because the indication is undeniable. While the indications shown by the color exceed the period of menstruation, so the indication is considered void. So something that the indication can not be denied then that is the stronger and more mainstream.

As for how to perform prayers for women it is impossible to do four things below:

He must wash his cock (vagina) so that it is clean from the blood.
Clogging it with a pad (softex) or something else. If he does not give pain, then he clogs it up (cockpit) with cotton first before wrapped with softex, if he is not fasting, but if he is fasting then it is enough for him to use the softex only.
Berwudlu with the intention istibahah, namely:
نويت الوضوء لاستباحة الصلاة

Or with the Indonesian language "I wudlu intention to be allowed for me to pray" and unauthorized wudlunya if he intends to lift the hadats. It should be remembered that for the mustahadlah should not be allowed to go after the time of prayer, because thaharah (holy) women mustahadlah is an emergency thaharah then should not do it before entering the emergency itself.

Quickly perform the fardlu prayer.
After doing the above work, it is obligatory for him to immediately perform the fardlu prayer and should not be able to end it unless delaying it for the benefit of prayer such as, to cover the aurat, to wait for the congregational prayer or to go to the mosque and so forth. But if the end is not due to the benefit of prayer, then wudlunya batallah and obligatory for him to repeat all the work above.

If after being clogged and the blood is still seeping out then the law is detailed as follows:

If the exit because of the amount of blood, then the law is forgiven or forgiven and sahlah prayer with the wudlu.
If the discharge of blood due to the lack of strong pads, then not forgiven and void wudlunya and mandatory for him to repeat all the work above.

If the blood stops when it is wasting or after it, whether it is before prayer or after prayer, it is wudlunya batallah and he is obliged to wash his cock from the blood to perform the prayer perfectly. If before doing that (washing the genitals), and wudlu perfectly, then the blood comes out again, then it is possible for him to pray with his first wudlunya, and his prayer is valid and if he has a habit of the blood it stops for a moment, and for a moment it is enough to do thaharah prayer, it is obligatory for him to perform his prayers perfectly, so if he is convinced that at the end of the prayer time his blood will stop, then it is obligatory for him to end his prayer to that time in order to perform the prayer in the absence of hadats or to perfection.

Tuesday, 6 March 2018

Things that are forbidden during childbirth

Things that are forbidden during childbirth

The law-related laws of women who are menstruating are the same as those of menstruating women. That is related to all cases that are forbidden and aborted for him. We are not aware of any disputes over this matter.

Postpartum women are the same as menstruating women. Because the actual menstruation of the legal status equal to women who are puerper. That is the view expressed by Shafi'i madzab. They say "All things that are forbidden for women who are menstruating, also forbidden for women who puerperium". While Maliki madzab said, "All cases that are forbidden for women who are menstruating are also prohibited for women who puerperium."

The following cases are not allowed during the puzzle, among others:

1. Read, touch, and bring the Qur'an and dhikr to God
According to Jumhur Furaka, postpartum women are not allowed to read Al Quran as a prohibition for women menstruating. However, Maliki's female madhhab is allowed to read it, because they allow it for women who are menstruating. Because in fact the laws apply to women who are childbirth equal to the laws of women who menstruate. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said, "reciting the Qur'an for a puerile woman, if not feared to forget it, then she is allowed to read it according to one of the scholars opinion." We have mentioned madzab zairi allow for women who menstruate to recite Al Quran, because in fact they do not require sanctity for people who read the Qur'an, women who are childbirth are the same as menstruating women so according to them, women are allowed to read Al Quran

2. Masuk Masjid dan thawaf di Baitullah
Wanita yang nifas tidak diperbolehkan masuk masjid namun dia dperbolehkan melintasi bila sesuatu ada bahaya yang mengharuskannya  mencari perlindungan didalam masjid. Disamping itu, dia tidak diperbolehkan melakukan thawaf di Baitullah atau Ka'bah Al Mussarrafah.

3. Menyetubuhi wanita yang telah nifas sebelum dia mandi dan sesudahnya
Seorang suami diharamkan untuk menyetubuhi istrinya selama dia masih nifas. Apabila darah nifas seorang wanita telah terhenti, maka dia wajib mandi, sesuai dengan kesepakatan ulama umat ini sehingga wanita itu menjadi suci dari nifasnya. Setelah itu, suaminya diperbolehkan untuk menyetubuhinya. adapun hukum menyetubuhinya sebelum ia mandi dan setelah darah nifasnya terhenti adalah tidak boleh, sebagaimana larangan terhadap wanita yang haid.

Kalau darah nfasnya telah terhenti, lalu dia mandi sebelum mencapai empat puluh hari sejak keluarnya darah nifas, maka sebaiknya suaminya tidak mendekatinya terlebih dahulu sebelum tercapainya masa empat puluh hari. Karena dikhawatirkan darahnya akan keluar lagi  setelah melakukan persetubuhan, sehingga ia dianggap menyetubuhi istrinya yang sedang nifas.

Jika darah nifas telah terhenti, kemudian tidak menemukan air untuk mandi, atau khawatir akan terkena bahaya bila mempergunakan air akan menjadi sakit, atau karena cuaca yang sangat dingin, maka dia diperolehkan melakukan tayamum dan bersuci dengannya. Setelah itu, suaminya diperbolehkan menyetubuhinya.

Monday, 5 March 2018

Practice following questions about menstruation and childbirth

For Muslims who blessed by Allah SWT if yesterday at least we already know about the meaning of menstruation, and childbirth. Now it would be nice for us as women to know that prohibited Amalan for women during menstruation is forbidden also for women who go through childbirth, without any difference between the two, except the things that engage thalak da 'iddah.

A. Pregnant mubah performed on women menstruation and childbirth
a. Season on parts other than the genitals
b. Dzikir to Allah SWT
c. Ibrahim wukuf dijalan, all the practices of Hajj and Umrah except thawaf around the ka'bah. Not allowed for women who are undergoing menstruation and childbirth, except after washing and bathing. This is based on the words of the Messenger of Allah to aisha ra:

"Work like a person who performs the Hajj, except performing the Hajj, except doing thawaf at the Ka'bah so that you are washing (HR Muttafaqul 'Alaihi)

d. Eat and drink together. It is as mentioned in the hadith narrated from Aisha ra:

"I once drank the water in menstrual state and gave the rest to the Prophet, then he put his mouth on my mouth and drank the water" (Muslim)

In addition, it is not enforced for women who are undergoing menstruation or childbirth for cooking, washing or others. With regard to this, it has been narrated from Abdullah ibn Mas'ud where he recounts:

I once asked the Messenger of Allah to eat with a wife who was menstruating and she answered: "It is permissible to eat with him" (HR Ahmad and Tirmidhi).

Also narrated from Anas bin Malik, that the Jews at the time of the Prophet SAW when they find their wife is menstruating, so they do not invite to eat together and not also accompany him at home. Then one of the female companions asked the Messenger of Allah (SAW), about it and he replied by saying:

"Do everything except body intercourse", (Muslim)

B. Practice that can be done by women during menstruation and childbirth

A. Shave hair and cut nails
B. Go to the market
C. Go to listen to religious lectures and learn to understand Islam, if it is done within the mosque
D. Dzikir, glorify, bertahmid and read basmalah before eating and drinking
E. Read the hadith fiqh, do'a and say amen
F. Read a variety of dhikr before bed
G. Listening to the recitation of the Qur'an

It is rather difficult to familiarize yourself with what we should do when menstruation and childbirth. but here are some questions about menstruation and childbirth.

1. What if a Muslim friend experiences a puzzle over forty days?
When a woman undergoes a puerile period of more than forty of and coincides with the habits of menstrual periods, then the blood is considered as menstrual blood. However, if it does not coincide with the habits of his period, then the blood includes istihadah and does not prevent him from praying or fasting. With regard to this the woman does not need to replace her abandoned fast (if it happens in Ramadan)

2. When giving birth but not bleeding?
When a woman gives birth and does not see any blood coming out, she remains in a holy state or does not go through her childbirth. Because the childbirth period is the period of blood discharge after childbirth, while at that time he did not remove it. For that he was obliged to bathe. Because the process of childbirth itself is a puerperium, so it remains obligatory as well as the obligations attached to the meeting between two genital (husband and wife) although not remove semen.

3. When holy before forty days?
When a woman undergoing childbirth has been sacred before forty days, she is allowed to take a bath, fasting, and praying. However, in sunnatkan not to have sex with her husband before forty days passed because it is feared later will come out of blood again, so that the relationship occurs during the childbirth.

4. When the blood comes out again before forty days?
When the blood returns out before forty days, then the blood includes the puerperal blood. At that time, he was not allowed to pray or fast. After the blood stops, then he may perform a bath and do not need to change the prayer that has been left, fast start.

5. When blood ished after washing fifteen days of menstruation?
When a Muslim woman sees blood coming out for one day and one night, after purifying on the fifteenth day (after the puerperal period is over or menstruation), then the exit is considered as menstrual blood. However, if the blood that comes out less than one day and one night, then the blood is considered dirty blood and he can do prayers and fasting.
When he bleeds again after two or three days, the blood is part of the puerperal blood. When it comes to bleeding and on the day of the holy day, then there are several opinions:
according to Imam Hanafi, the condition is considered a childbirth. According to the scholars of Shafi'i, if it exits exactly fifteen days or more, then it is considered sacred during the puerperium. While according to the Maliki cleric, if the stopping of blood lasts for half a month, then it is considered a holy period. The blood that comes out afterwards is the blood of menstruation. If less than half a month, it still includes puerperal blood. It is estimated that the postpartum period is summed up throughout the days of blood discharge by the separation of the days of cessation, resulting in the release of the blood of sixty days. This is the end of her childbirth. In the days of the cessation of blood, the woman undergoing this childbirth is obliged to do what must be done by a woman who is in a state of holiness such as prayer, fasting and other worship.

Required bath cases

If yesterday we already know baths are surrendered surely we must know also what things we need to know about bathing, among others: a....