Friday, 9 March 2018

Understanding istihadhah blood

Often Muslim friends can not distinguish menstrual blood, nifas, and Istihadha. if yesterday we already know about menstrual blood, puzzle, Now it's time we know about istihadha blood.

If the release of menstrual blood continues and exceeds the habit of going on the blood of menstruation then the blood is the blood istihadha. Sometimes menstrual blood is also mixed with istihadhanya blood so we need to know the difference between istihadha and menstrual blood, so we can know and determine it.

Because in fact we can thus determine the passage of the menstrual period, and determine the obligation to bathe. What is obligatory to him is to perform ablution every time to pray, after he bathed to wash from menstruation.

Women who remove istihadha blood can not be separated from the following four things:
a. Women who can differentiate and have no habit
b. Women who have a habit but are not able to distinguish
c. Women who do not have a habit and are also not able to distinguish
d. Women who have the habit and ability to differentiate

Okay, I will first discuss about Muslim women who can differentiate and have no habit. It is a woman who can distinguish between menstrual blood and other blood, but she has no fixed habit of coming and the period of menstruation. So he can distinguish and consider himself still in the state of menstruation as long as his menstrual blood is still out, the blood is black, which keeps going out and beyond the period of menstruation. On that basis, it can be prescribed the law for women in these circumstances, that his menstrual blood is blood that comes out in the black blood. And if the blood turns yellowish and watery then that is the blood istihadha. Therefore, he must bathe because his period has ended and performing ablution every time he wants to perform the prayer because that is the law that applies to women who are experiencing istihadha. That is the opinion expressed by Hambali madhhab, Maliki, Shafi'i, etc.

The second is women who have menstrual habits but are unable to tell the difference. Namely women who have regular habits in his menstruation but are unable to distinguish his blood because his blood never stops or his blood has the same trait and never stops or the blood has the same properties and does not differ between some with some others. And if stopped then stop shorter than ordinary menstrual period or longer than him, so it is difficult to distinguish. If he has regular menstrual habits before experiencing istihadha, then he should sit during his usual days of menstruation, then bathe to wash from his period when the menstrual period is exhausted, then perform ablution after that at every time to pray, that opinion which was proposed by the Hanbali madhhab, Abu Hanifa, and Shafi'i.

While the third Women who have no habit and also are not able to distinguish made a proposition by people who say that women who experience istihadha must refer to the habit that most often applies to women if he himself does not know his habits, and is unable to distinguish between the nature- the nature of menstruation and blood istihadha. Besides, the saying of the Prophet: "Any matter you can do then do it". It is another link to the absence of the obligation to bathe. In conclusion, the bath law for every prayer is not mandatory for the woman. She only takes a bath once from her period, after the count of her menstrual period is over. In addition, the hadith is also used as a proposition to allow two alphabet prayers with one washing. And indeed the determination of the number of menstrual blood for six or seven days is an ijtihad that may be done by him and not by equating his menstrual period to his age-old family. Based on the words of the Prophet: "If we have seen yourselves holy and clean ...."

The fourth woman who has the habit and ability to distinguish, the woman who has a habit, and when experiencing istihadha he is able to distinguish darnya, some black and some red. If the blood that came out was black during menstrual periods, then it has been agreed that the habit of blood properties is indeed both work. However, if the blood is blacker than menstrual period or shorter than it is, so it can be called as menstrual blood, then there are two views in Hambali madzab. The first thing required is the distinction with the nature of the blood, and the habits of the menstrual period should be ignored. Because in fact the nature of the blood is a sign for, so the menstrual period should be ignored. The second is based on the words of Imam Ahmad, who ignore the custom. Such was the view of most of Hambali's followers. Their argument is that the prophet Saw once rejected Umm Habibah, and a woman whom Umm Salamah had told him to ask a fatwa to refer to the habits of his menstrual period, and not to distinguish the characteristics of his blood or not. In addition, the actual habits that apply to his period, and do not distinguish the nature of his blood or not. In addition, it is actually a habit that applies to the period of his period, and does not distinguish or mention that the woman can distinguish the properties of his blood or not. Besides, actually the prevailing habits are considered stronger because the indication is undeniable. While the indications shown by the color exceed the period of menstruation, so the indication is considered void. So something that the indication can not be denied then that is the stronger and more mainstream.

As for how to perform prayers for women it is impossible to do four things below:

He must wash his cock (vagina) so that it is clean from the blood.
Clogging it with a pad (softex) or something else. If he does not give pain, then he clogs it up (cockpit) with cotton first before wrapped with softex, if he is not fasting, but if he is fasting then it is enough for him to use the softex only.
Berwudlu with the intention istibahah, namely:
نويت الوضوء لاستباحة الصلاة

Or with the Indonesian language "I wudlu intention to be allowed for me to pray" and unauthorized wudlunya if he intends to lift the hadats. It should be remembered that for the mustahadlah should not be allowed to go after the time of prayer, because thaharah (holy) women mustahadlah is an emergency thaharah then should not do it before entering the emergency itself.

Quickly perform the fardlu prayer.
After doing the above work, it is obligatory for him to immediately perform the fardlu prayer and should not be able to end it unless delaying it for the benefit of prayer such as, to cover the aurat, to wait for the congregational prayer or to go to the mosque and so forth. But if the end is not due to the benefit of prayer, then wudlunya batallah and obligatory for him to repeat all the work above.

If after being clogged and the blood is still seeping out then the law is detailed as follows:

If the exit because of the amount of blood, then the law is forgiven or forgiven and sahlah prayer with the wudlu.
If the discharge of blood due to the lack of strong pads, then not forgiven and void wudlunya and mandatory for him to repeat all the work above.

If the blood stops when it is wasting or after it, whether it is before prayer or after prayer, it is wudlunya batallah and he is obliged to wash his cock from the blood to perform the prayer perfectly. If before doing that (washing the genitals), and wudlu perfectly, then the blood comes out again, then it is possible for him to pray with his first wudlunya, and his prayer is valid and if he has a habit of the blood it stops for a moment, and for a moment it is enough to do thaharah prayer, it is obligatory for him to perform his prayers perfectly, so if he is convinced that at the end of the prayer time his blood will stop, then it is obligatory for him to end his prayer to that time in order to perform the prayer in the absence of hadats or to perfection.

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