Tuesday, 13 March 2018

Understanding of mandatory bath and sunnah bath

Bath according to the habits of these jurists washed the whole body. and when reportedly to eliminate the great hadhe like jinabat, menstruation, nifas then there are two conditions in it.

First Second intention washing all the limbs who like the intentions exist in the hearts of people who want to bathe to eliminate the hadast that requires bathing. Like jinabat and menstruation. That is to wash all the limbs that drain into all the limbs that may be without air flowed without exception. Until there is a small part of the body that has not been exposed to the air, the bath has not sufficiently assessed the word of God

"..... and if you junub, then take a bath ......? (Al Maidah: 6)
It means to purify your body. Who likes the body that is the visible part and also the body part that is not visible. All parts are cleaned up as long as it is not difficult to clean. And therefore, if a person is also required to rinse and clean his nose. Kaena actually put the air into the mouth and nose something tough. Will, in an emergency, one may not wash body parts. For example, if there is a broken wound or bone, so we simply wipe the upper part of the wounded bandage or splint that supports the broken part of the bone.

The person who wants to take a bath should wash his hands up to the wrists three times. Or wash away the lining, and the affected part of the body is dirty. Then ablution is like ablution for prayer, it's just that she has to end the flush against her legs waiting until finished. After that splashing water up over his head and all his limbs three times with the intention of bathing from hadast that requires bathing. We recommend starting with the right, then the left, rubbing his body with his hands, then washing his feet. It is used to lay the base of the hair of his head and his hands with his hands and water before washing the water with him.

While the procedure of Mandi Jinabat, among others:
a. Reading Basmallah, with the intention of eliminating the great hadast through bathing. Next wash both hands three times.
b. After that beristinjak and clean up all the dirt on his will
c. Ablution like when going to pray
d. Rinse head and ears three times
e. Furthermore, splashing water keseluh body

In a bathing bath it is possible for a Muslim to read basmallah and intend, then wash her hands and his cock. Then flushed his whole body with water with gargling and istinjak.

When bathing, Muslim women pay attention to the armpit, knees and navel, so that the parts are really exposed to water. Similarly, the scalpMuslim friend if the previous chapter we learn and both know Understanding junub bath and mandatory now we will know the bath is disunahkan. Bathing is disunahkan is if done, then the culprit will get a reward and if left innocent following bath is disunahkan among others:

a. Bathing On Friday
Taking a bath at the time of Friday prayers is not mandatory, which if abandoned does not give madharat, but it is endowed, because it can eliminate sweat and body odor is not tasty. As for bath time on Friday starting from dawn until entering Friday prayer time. The main thing is when to go to the mosque. If the middle of the road affected by hadast, then simply purified by performing ablution only. Taking a bath after performing the Friday prayer is no longer categorized as a bathed bath. Some scholars require bathing on Friday even though there is no dirt on the body. It is based on the narrations of Abu Hurayrah, where the Prophet (s) once said:
"It is an obligation for every Muslim to bathe at least once every seven days, at which point he washes his head and whole body." (Narrated by Muslim Bukhori)
b. Mandi pada saat hari raya Idul fitri dan Idul Adha
Tidak ada hadits shahih yang membahas mengenai mandi minimal pada hari Raya Idul Fitri maupun Idul Adha. Akan tetapi, para ulama menganjurkan untuk mandi pada kedua hari raya tersebut.
C. Mandi ketika hendak melakukan ihram
Menurut jumhur ulama, mandi bagi wanita yang hendak melakukan ihram merupakan amalan yang disunahkan. Hal ini didasarkan pada riwayat dari Zaid bin tsabit :
"Bahwasanya ia pernah melihat Rasulullah melepaskan pakaian ihramnya, lalu Beliau mandi".
(HR. Daruquthni, Baihaqi, Tirmidzi dan Beliau Menghasankannya)

d. Mandi ketika hendak Masuk kota Mekah
Disunahkan bagi wanita muslimah yang hendak memasuki kota mekkah untuk mandi. Sebagaimana telah disebutkan dalam hadist bahwa Rasulullah SAW pernah melakukan hal itu (HR. Muttafaqul'Alaih)

e. Mandi ketika hendak wukuf di Arafah
Disunahkan mandi bagi wanita muslimah yang hendak wukuf di Arafah. Sebagaimana yang diriwayatkan oleh Imam Malik, bahwa Abdullah bin Umar Radhiyallahu Anhu pernah mandi sebelum berihram, pada saat memasuki kota mekkah dan ketika hendak wukuf (pada sore hari) di padang Arafah.

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